Title: 4. The only major roads crossing the hills pass through Glen Devon/Glen Eagles and Glenfarg, the latter now largely replaced except for local traffic by the M90 Edinburgh-Perth motorway cutting through the eastern foothills. Ancient folklore and historical documentation suggests that the Ochils once were inhabited by the Picts, or at least that a few Pictish settlements existed in the Ochil Hills. The Ochil Hills . Another item of folklore existing in the Ochil Hills is Katie Thirsty's Well, a sacred well shrouded in mythology (OS Grid Reference – NS 81787 97653). Subsequent glacial erosion has served to highlight this giant step in the landscape. To the NE, the scarp of the West Ochil Fault, one of the most spectacular in the Midland Valley, is well seen. The Ochil Hills were a popular destination for panners in the 1990s. ... Drew Jamieson – has recently published a detailed geography of the Ochil Hills. Blairdenon Hill was the site of one of the Beacons of Dissent during the G8 protests in July 2005. Our latest film, narrated by Dr Kirsty McAlister, explores the various ways in which people's lives have been influenced by the Ochil Hills. The highest levels – Innerdouny (497 metres) and Mellock (479 metres) – are in the west, heights decreasing gradually to below 150 metres in the area north of Auchtermuchty . The extent of the Ochils is not well-defined but by some definitions continues to include the hills of north Fife.[3]. Peat Hill, Lamb Hill, and Gled’s Nose are a selection of “hills” marked on OS Maps near NN 9768 0247. Name: Ochil Hills, Perth and Kinross Place type: Hill Or Mountain Ranges Location: Grid Ref: NO 0795 1114 • X/Y co-ords: 307954, 711142 • Lat/Long: 56.28379822,-3.48839362 Glenfarg, Ochil Hills, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, UK : SUPPORT US. Leader: Dr. Mike Browne. Berry Hill and The Shank (near NN 9591 0456) are marked as hills on OS maps, but fail to have distinguishable peaks. The plateau is undulating with no prominent peak, the highest point being Ben Cleuch at 721m The south-flowing burns have cut deep ravines including Dollar Glen, Silver Glen and Alva Glen, often only passable with the aid of wooden … [6] Parts of the lower slopes on the northern side around Blackford and Auchterarder are formed from a volcanic conglomerate. The Ochil Fault is the geological feature which defines the southern edge of the Ochil Hills escarpment in Scotland. The plateau is undulating with no prominent peak, the highest point being Ben Cleuch at 721 m (2,365 ft). A band of this formation runs from Gargunnock to the Clyde ; and 1 believe there are quarries in it near Gargunnock, but have not seen them myself. Immediately to the north is the campus of Stirling University and Airthrey Loch. … These occurred in the form of basins, and the pattern of movements was complex, however it is known that the greatest vertical movement was centred about 1 km east of the town of Alva, and almost certainly exceeded 5 km vertically. Fault Scarp - Ochil Hills The line of the Ochil Fault can be traced across this image, which shows the sheer scarp slope of the Ochil Hills rising up over the downthrown plain below. The whole massif is heavily faulted with some valleys such as Alva Glen and Glen Sherup having been eroded along these lines. A scarp is a steep slope and that is exactly what you can see rising up above the low-lying Clackmannanshire plain. The point of maximum downwards movement south of the fault lies just south of the Silver Glen, which happens to be the part of the Ochil Hills where the greatest extent of mineralisation has been discovered. The Ochil Fault is the geological feature which defines the southern edge of the Ochil Hills escarpment in Scotland. The south-flowing burns have cut deep ravines including Dollar Glen, Silver Glen and Alva Glen, often only passable with the aid of wooden walkways. We take a look at the early Iron Age settlement on Dumyat, the possible medieval hunting lodge behind Castle Campbell in Dollar, the Ochils' contribution to local industries - not least textiles, urbanisation, and recreation. The highest point is Ben Cleuchin Clackmannanshireat 2,365 feet. However the latter may be easily confused with the collapse of old room and pillar coal mine workings which undoubtedly underlie the southern part of the town. Oblique aerial photograph of the line of the Ochil Fault, Ochil Hills, Stirlingshire. Heavy Metal Mines in the Ochil Hills: Chronology and Context By John G Harrison INTRODUCTION In recent decades the mines of the Ochil Hills, in east central Scotland, have attracted the interest of speleologists, mineralogists, ceramists, and botanists1. Abstract The Ochil Hills, running northeastwards from the Forth at Stirling, to Tentsmuir on the North Sea coast, are the most Impressive and most extensive of the several uplands which diversify the Central Lowlands of Scotland (Fig. Sheriffmuir, the site of the 1715 battle of the Jacobite rising, is on the northern slopes of the hills. Stay safe in the Ochils and always take a map and compass. The deepest deposits of coal measures are obviously found in this region, but this has not been mined to its full extent, probably due to the great depth involved. Alluvial gold is wide-spread and locally abundant in the central Ochil Hills, but the bedrock sources have not been identified. Castle Campbell was built at the head of Dollar Glen in the late 15th century (an earlier castle on the site had been called "Castle Gloom") mainly as a very visible symbol of the Campbell domination of the area. Mountains in Scotland are categorised by their height. Such ranges include the Ochil Hills, near Stirling, the Campsie Fells outside Glasgow, and the Lomond Hills in Fife. A notional boundary for the Ochil Hills is shown in Map 2, bounded by roads, and stretching from Dunblane in the west to Glen Farg in the east. Welsh uchel). Edinburgh : HMSO, 1970 The Ochils Mountain Rescue Team consists of 35 volunteer mountaineers with specialist training who "locate and recover people who find themselves in difficult situations in the outdoors."[12]. Ochil Volcanic Formation and the Quaternary of Glen Devon August 9th 2003. The hills are part of a Devonian lava extrusion whose appearance today is largely due to the Ochil Faultwhich … The hills are part of a Devonian lava extrusion whose appearance today is largely due to the Ochil Fault which results in the southern face of the hills forming an escarpment. Includes geology, climate, natural history, human history, placenames and walks in Alva Glen, Menstrie Glen, and Dollar to Glens Quey/Devon. The Ochil Fault has produced one of the best examples of a fault line scarp to be seen in Britain. Peaks over 3,000 ft (914.4 m) are known as Munros. The plateau is undulating with no prominent peak, the highest point being Ben Cleuch at 721 m (2,365 ft) . The Path of Condie is a very old established collecting site. 1. North of the fault, The Ochil Fault, one of the most prominent tectonic features in the Midland Valley of Scotland, juxtaposes Lower Devonian volcanic rocks against late Westphalian strata, implying a possible vertical displacement of … 243 at the surface between the Ochil Hills and Stirling. The purpose of the trip on the hottest weekend of the year was to look at the Lower Devonian Ochil Volcanic Formation Lavas and volcanic conglomerates, and the … [2] The nearest colliery, Manor Powis, approximately 2 km south of the fault, was approximately the same depth, in carse land that is scarcely above sea level, and was mining coal from Carboniferous strata at least many hundreds of metres above the top of the Devonian deposits. South of the HBF are younger sedimentary rocks with lava extrusions (Lower Devonian) which form the Ochil Hills on the southern fringes of Strathearn. Boyle, R. W., 1962, Geology of the Barite, Gypsum, Manganese, and Lead Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia: Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 62-25, 26 p. Google Scholar Intrusions of both mafic and felsic character are also found. Castle Craig, a ruined ancient fort above the village of Mill Glen destroyed by industrial quarrying, was mentioned by local historian William Gibson in 1883 as being "a round Pictish fortress, the traces of which can still be distinctly seen. Modern movements of the fault are very minor but occasionally give rise to discernible earthquakes,[3] particularly in the village of Menstrie, and the town of Tillicoultry. The Ochil Fault remained active throughout geological time, and some later movements allowed intrusive eruptions of diorite or quartz-dolerite to rise at various places along its length. Alluvial gold is wide-spread and locally abundant in the central Ochil Hills, but the bedrock sources have not been identified. It will focus on the Silver Glen in Alva, using this to highlight and interpret the mining features of the whole area. The hills are part of a Devonian lava extrusion whose appearance today is largely due to the Ochil Fault which results in the southern face of the hills forming an escarpment. The name Ochil, recorded as Okhel in the 13th Century, is of Pictish origin. [5], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°09′36″N 3°44′46″W / 56.160°N 3.746°W / 56.160; -3.746, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Ochil Fault and the Kincardine basin: key structures in the tectonic evolution of the Midland Valley of Scotland", "Geology of Scotland | NCAP - National Collection of Aerial Photography", "Geocaching - The Official Global GPS Cache Hunt Site", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ochil_Fault&oldid=996880058, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2011, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 01:25. In the southern part of East Fife the hills are relatively isolated, e.g. Rather, they lead onto the peak of Ben Shee, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}56°13′43″N 3°40′01″W / 56.22861°N 3.66694°W / 56.22861; -3.66694, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Ainmean-Àite na h-Alba (AÀA) – Gaelic Place-names of Scotland", "Approaching the Pictish language: historiography, early evidence and the question of Pritenic", "Geological Survey of Great Britain (Scotland), 1:50000 Solid Edition, Alloa, sheet 39E", "Castle Craig, Tillicoultry, Clackmannanshire", "Katie Thirsty's Well, Logie, Stirlingshire", https://www.edf-re.uk/our-sites/burnfoot-hill-burnfoot-hill-north-rhodders, "Burnfoot Hill, Burnfoot Hill North & Rhodders", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ochil_Hills&oldid=997400282, Mountains and hills of Stirling (council area), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from April 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Big Torry (452 m) (Wee Torry is marked as a peak, but widely considered to simply be the southern face of Big Torry), Notes on "List of peaks in the Ochil Hills", This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 09:15. Historically, the hills, combined with the town's site at the lowest bridging-point on the River Forth, led to Stirling's importance as a main gateway to the Highlands. The formation comprises over 2000m of subaerial basaltic and andesitic lava flows with interbedded terrestrial debris-flow conglomerates. He goes on to say "that the great crags of Dumyat less than a mile to the east is universally credited with being the last Pictish stronghold at the old hillfort there. The North Fife Hills form a continuation of the Ochil Hills and are separated from the rest of Fife by Stratheden, extending north-east from Loch Leven to the sea near Leuchars. THE GEOLOGY OF THE COUNTRY ROUND STIRLING. Highland Boundary Fault - Conic Hill These hills have no distinguishable summit, disqualifying them as “peaks” in the Ochils, but rather they lead onto Glenquey Hill and Innerdownie respectively. The Ochil Hills (/ˈoʊxəl/ (listen); Scottish Gaelic: Monadh Ochail is a range of hills in Scotland north of the Forth valley bordered by the towns of Stirling, Alloa, Kinross, Auchterarder and Perth. There are ranges of gentler, rolling hills even in the central lowlands of Scotland. Black Hill (North-West) near Sherrifmuir is marked on OS Maps as “Black Hill", but has no distinguishable peak or summit, more of a slop leading onto Glentye Hill. In the upper part of the volcanic sequence there The site consists of fifteen 2 MW and six 2.05 MW turbines with a tip height of 100 m (330 ft). The oldest rocks cropping out in the County are of the Ochil Volcanic Formation in the Ochil Hills. There has also been swarm activity in the Central Valley of Scotland by the Ochil Hills (near Stirling). Northern Ochil hills PDF. There were several excellent locations but the most productive, Borland Glen (7), yielded gold with a distinctive telluride signature in … It continues for about 9 miles along the southern edge of the Ochil Hills, from Blairlogie in the west to past Dollar in the east. In the past they To put this in perspective, the prominent hill Dumyat which defines the western extremity of the Ochil Hills has a height of 418 metres. [3], The Ochils are formed from a thick wedge of Devonian age volcanic and volcano-sedimentary rocks, rising up from below the lower Old Red Sandstone sedimentary rocks to the north and terminated to the south by the major southerly downthrowing Ochil Fault. Covid-19 has significantly affected our fundraising. The Ochil Hills (/ˈoʊxəl/ (listen);[1] Scottish Gaelic: Monadh Ochail[2] is a range of hills in Scotland north of the Forth valley bordered by the towns of Stirling, Alloa, Kinross, Auchterarder and Perth. These are in part overlain by Old Red Sandstone rocks … A Special Place Created Date: 6/27/2017 12:54:24 PM Following approval in early 2007, the construction of a wind farm consisting of thirteen 102 m (335 ft) turbines on Burnfoot Hill, which lies north of Tillicoultry and Ben Cleuch and to the south of the Upper Glendevon Reservoir has been completed. both from the geological setting and microchemical signature of the gold. Some of the mills are open today as museums. The Ochil Fault, one of the most prominent tectonic features in the Midland Valley of Scotland, juxtaposes Lower Devonian volcanic rocks against late Westphalian strata, implying a possible vertical displacement of … Since 1846 small shocks have been observed at Comrie on a regular, if infrequent, basis. The hills are part of a Devonian lava extrusion whose appearance today is largely due to the Ochil Fault which results in the southern face of the hills forming an escarpment. Local historians have struggled to discover exactly the identity of "Katie Thirsty", but Pictish researcher Ronald Henderson argues that "the name derives from a corruption of both St. Katherine of Alexandria [Katie] and the Pictish King, Drust or Drustan [Thirsty]." These are in part overlain by Old Red Sandstone rocks formed later in the Devonian period. The minerals, including ores of silver and cobalt, were probably emplaced by hydrothermal solutions percolating upwards through various minor faults and fractures, in the Tertiary period. [5], The Ochil Volcanic Formation, a sub-unit of the Arbuthnott-Garvock Group, consists of basaltic andesite and trachyandesite lavas and related rock types erupted during the Early Devonian epoch. The Ochils and always take a map and compass ] Parts of the north Siluro-Devonian! The bedrock sources have not been identified using this to highlight and interpret the mining features of lower! 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