As technology advances, and concerns about humanity’s future on Earth increase, arguments favoring space colonization gain momentum. For example, if electricity generation systems rely on solar power, large energy storage facilities will also be needed to cover the periods when dust storms block out the sun, and automatic dust removal systems may be needed to avoid human exposure to conditions on the surface. Colonizing Mars is one of the most promising backup plans for humanity; Mars is relatively close to our Earth; Colonizing Mars may become possible in just a few decades; Many celebrities support those plans; Many scientists advocate for this kind of backup plan; Extraction of additional natural resources; May help with the search for other life forms Carbon monoxide/oxygen (CO/O2) engines have been suggested for early surface transportation use as both carbon monoxide and oxygen can be straightforwardly produced by zirconium dioxide electrolysis from the Martian atmosphere without requiring use of any of the Martian water resources to obtain hydrogen.[74]. See Atmosphere of Mars. 0. [29] In contrast the only comparable events on Earth are infrequent large volcanic eruptions such as Krakatoa which threw large amounts of ash into the atmosphere in 1883, causing a global temperature drop of around 1 °C (2 °F). As a result, it should come as no surprise to learn that as we learned more and more our solar system, the Red Planet became a vessel for more and more of our hopes. You know, nothing is possible. [102] Human explorers would also be vulnerable to back contamination to Earth if they become carriers of microorganisms. The discovery of these large ice pockets leads to even greater questions; what does this mean for colonizing Mars? [43] The atmospheric pressure at the highest altitudes reached by piloted balloon ascents (35 km (114,000 feet) in 1961,[44] 38 km in 2012) is similar to that on the surface of Mars. Even NASA does not seem to believe it. Permanent human habitation on other planets, including Mars, is one of science fiction’s most prevalent themes. There is frozen water on Mars' surface which proves that life might have existed there billions of years ago. Second, Mars lacks most of the things that make our particular kind of life possible on the Earth. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. Its surface conditions and the likely availability of water make it arguably the most hospitable of the planets, other than Earth. Mars One, which went public in June 2012, aims to coordinate – not build – a human colony on Mars by 2027 with funding coming from a reality TV show and other commercial exploitation, although this approach has been widely criticized as unrealistic and infeasible,[114][115][116] and bankrupted in 2019. A satellite at the L4 or L5 Earth–Sun Lagrangian point could serve as a relay during this period to solve the problem; even a constellation of communications satellites would be a minor expense in the context of a full colonization program. The reduced gravity well of Mars and its position in the Solar System may facilitate Mars–Earth trade and may provide an economic rationale for continued settlement of the planet. It might also be possible to extract useful minerals for metals or glass. Artist’s concept of possible exploration of the surface of Mars. Wired systems might lay the groundwork for early crewed landings and bases, by producing various consumables including fuel, oxidizers, water, and construction materials. Satellite imagery shows that there is frozen ground water on the planet. Something that is going to become particularly painful if multiple Martian colonies ever manage to spring up on the Martian surface. Space colonization on Mars can roughly be said to be possible when the necessary methods of space colonization become cheap enough (such as space access by cheaper launch systems) to meet the cumulative funds that have been gathered for the purpose. Mars’s orbit is more eccentric than Earth’s, increasing temperature and solar constant variations over the course of the Martian year. Should you Invest in Graf Industrial Corp Stock? According to the recent researches by the scientists, they fear that the radiations might be a potential threat for the scientists who will land on Mars. Many scientists and philosophers consider becoming an interplanetary specie not a mere wish, but an essential need to grow as a specie. Jodie Jackson. Just Visiting. by Tibi Puiu. It is known however that an unborn child in space would be more susceptible to solar radiation, which would likely have a negative effect on its cells and genetics. Iron in this form is more easily extracted than from the iron oxides that cover the planet. SpaceX, a private company, plans to make possible the Martian colonization. Team Moon Kingdom. The colonization of Mars can be possible if modern technology permits. [46] Through experience and training, astronauts on the ISS have shown it is possible to use far less, and that around 70% of what is used can be recycled using the ISS water recovery systems. Summed up, sending people to Mars will be an expensive, complicated, and time-consuming matter, but a true colonization of the Red Planet will prove to be that much more so. Who Makes Lexus Cars and Where are They Made? As such, the colonization of Mars by no means will be cheap, or in any way easy, and immensely dangerous, but it is biologically possible. [21] 3. An MIT team designed the Redwood Forest, a series of forest habitats inside open, public domes. A pregnant member on a spacecraft is dangerous to all those aboard. [62] As a result of the higher radiation in the Martian environment, the summary report of the Review of U.S. Human Space Flight Plans Committee released in 2009 reported that “Mars is not an easy place to visit with existing technology and without a substantial investment of resources.”[62] NASA is exploring a variety of alternative techniques and technologies such as deflector shields of plasma to protect astronauts and spacecraft from radiation. Being made mainly of water, a human being would die in a matter of days without it. [89] Assuming that life doesn’t exist on Mars, the soil is going to be very poor for growing plants, so manure and other fertilizers will be valued highly in any Martian civilization until the planet changes enough chemically to support growing vegetation on its own. We have managed to send some things to the Red Planet in the not so distant past, but it is important to note that the people as well as the tools and supplies needed for a true colonization will need a lot more space, which in turn, means a lot more power for a lot more weight. [68], Mars has a surface gravity 0.38 times that of Earth, and the density of its atmosphere is about 0.6% of that on Earth. [107][108] NASA had to deal with several cuts in funding. The next thing you'll know, there's a colony there!! On the other hand, Mars do have an atmosphere. Local resources can also be used in infrastructure construction. [36][37], Basic utilities (oxygen, power, local communications, waste disposal, sanitation and water recycling), Airlock, for pressurization and dust management. Answer to: Is Mars colonization possible? November 30, 2011. in Alien life, Space, Space flight, Studies. Musk himself has stated that, since the first journeys will be unsettlingly dangerous, the early candidates should be prepared to die. According to NASA’s policies, it is forbidden for members of the crew to engage in sex in space. At the moment, there are a number of institutions that have announced their interest in colonizing Mars, though their stated intentions are ambitious, to say the least. Actually they don't, the rovers do. [120], In June 2013, Buzz Aldrin, American engineer and former astronaut, and the second person to walk on the Moon, wrote an opinion, published in The New York Times, supporting a human mission to Mars and viewing the Moon “not as a destination but more a point of departure, one that places humankind on a trajectory to homestead Mars and become a two-planet species.”[121] In August 2015, Aldrin, in association with the Florida Institute of Technology, presented a “master plan”, for NASA consideration, for astronauts, with a “tour of duty of ten years”, to colonize Mars before the year 2040. The existing record for the longest consecutive space flight is 438 days by cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov,[49] and the most accrued time in space is 878 days by Gennady Padalka. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. [5][6][7] During the first phase, the goal will be to launch several BFRs to transport and assemble a methane/oxygen propellant plant and to build up a base in preparation for an expanded surface presence. Mars is also frozen, so we’re going to have to heat up the surface, which is called terraforming. Occasional solar proton events (SPEs) produce much higher doses. Nevertheless, even with optimistic extrapolation of robotic manufacturing techniques, Mars will not have the division of labor required to make it … The Five Best Lexus Hatchback Models of All-Time, The Five Best Chopard Chronometer Watches Money Can Buy, The History of the Cartier Pasha Seatimer, A Buyer’s Guide for the Cartier Roadster Chronograph, How Sara Jean Underwood Achieved a Net Worth of $5 Million, How G Herbo Achieved a Net Worth of $2.5 Million, How Young Dolph Achieved a Net Worth of $3 Million, How Linus Torvalds Achieved a Net Worth of $150 Million. [2][3] Other reasons for colonizing space include economic interests, long-term scientific research best carried out by humans as opposed to robotic probes, and sheer curiosity. [4] In 2016, a University of California scientist said they could further reduce travel time for a robotic probe to Mars down to “as little as 72 hours” with the use of a “photonic propulsion” system instead of the fuel-based rocket propulsion system. Elon Musk: First Mars City Will Start With Glass Domes. Log In Sign Up. The colonization of Mars is something that is actively being worked on today and research has shown that colonization is possible, but there are multiple viewpoints on the subject. The Second Crew Are we going, or nah? And, Mars could be one of the possible planets where humans can acquire undiscovered cosmic elements. [75]. Scientists themselves have proposed terraforming to enable the long-term colonization of Mars. 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