Musical Context of Bach Cantatas: Table of Motets & Chorales for Events in the Lutheran Church Year The Lutheran Church Year - Explanation: The Lutheran Church Year is based on the two major events in the life of Christ: His birth and His resurrection. [3] These included the Achtliederbuch (known as the first Lutheran hymnal) and the Erfurt Enchiridion (both with unaccompanied melodic settings), as well as Johann Walter's Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn, the first to contain part song settings of Lutheran hymns. For the scholar studying the evolution of Bach’s chorale style, all revisions of chorale settings are of primary interest, perhaps warranting the counting of such variants separately. bach-chorales.com: Extra Information Publication timeline to 1843: Navigation etc. 1 1 arr. There are 419 Bach chorale settings that have been assigned separate BWV numbers, and there is one additional setting attributed to Bach (see point 9 below) that has not yet been assigned a BWV number. [6] A chorale prelude includes the melody of the chorale, and adds contrapuntal lines. The German word Choral, which was originally used to describe Latin plainchant melodies, was first applied to the Lutheran hymn only in the later sixteenth century. Johann Sebastian Bach 's earliest extant compositions, works for organ which he possibly wrote before his fifteenth birthday, include the chorales BWV 700, 724, 1091, 1094, 1097, 1112, 1113 and 1119. In certain modern usage, this term may include classical settings of such hymns and works of a similar character. All midi files compressed. Below is a table summarizing these settings. This is particularly true of the four–part second movement from the motet Komm, Jesu, Komm! Bach Society Houston, Bach Cantata Vespers Choir of Grace Lutheran, The Bach Choir of Bethlehem, Emmanuel Music Boston, Bach Cantata Choir Portland 8.00–9.30 pm / Lecture-recital »for the amusement of the mind« Mahan Esfahani (harpsichord) 9.30–10.30 pm / Bach – Listen with your eyes – POSTPONED! J. S. Bach wrote over 200 church cantatas. Bewertung, Martin Luther Chorales. [citation needed]. First, it’s important to clarify that we’re trying to determine the number of extant chorale settings. Chorales tend to be simple and singable tunes. We use the re-trained results as chord labels for our research. gives this collection a certain amount of primacy among the secondary sources. Today, many of the Lutheran chorales are familiar as hymns used in Protestant churches, sung in four-voice harmony. Later composers of the chorale prelude include Johannes Brahms, for example in his Eleven Chorale Preludes, and Max Reger who composed many examples, including Wie schön leucht' uns der Morgenstern (based on the hymn by Philipp Nicolai). The Fantasia on Komm, heiliger Geist is a fierce whirlwind: here the task is to convey the breathless agitation of constant sixteenth-note motion, yet present clearly the gestures that define that motion. settings that do not appear in the Dietel) should be approached with a slightly lowered sense of authenticity. 1) Nine duplicates appear within the Schmieder catalogue, six of which constitute instances of Bach reusing a setting for a separate choral work (BWVs 41.6=171.6, 75.7=100.6, 59.3=175.7, 244.15=244.17, 12.7=69a.6, 120a.8=137.5) and three of which resulted from the erroneous assignment of BWV numbers to settings from elsewhere in the Schmieder catalogue (BWVs 253=414; 197a.7=398; 245.5 1st version=416). One of the first composers to write chorale preludes was Samuel Scheidt. Second, Dietel was not a terribly accurate copyist and numerous errors pervade his document. Certainly this cantata employs the most famous of all Lutheran chorales, “Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott” (A might fortress is our God), a chorale written by Luther himself. 6) One setting (BWV 262) is a four–part adaptation of a three–part setting by Pachelbel. A chorale is a melody to which a hymn is sung by a congregation in a German Protestant Church service. Okay. 18th century Save to your computer. Bach was a Lutheran—he was “ours,” and we claimed him, though we knew little about him beyond the chorale harmonizations we sang from the Lutheran hymnal. The answer to this question is somewhere in the neighborhood of 228, a number that only slightly reaches half of the overall total! Hold click (Mac) or right click (Windows) on the blue links below. One thing is for certain: the answer is not 371 or 389. College courses in religion and music history broadened my knowledge of the mass as a liturgical structure and as the basis for extended musical form, but my viewpoint remained pretty parochial. [citation needed] For example, he fitted the melody of the hymn "Veni redemptor gentium" to three different texts, "Verleih uns Frieden gnädiglich", "Erhalt uns, Herr, bei deinem Wort", and "Nun komm, der Heiden Heiland". Bach’s great contribution to the Lutheran chorale tradition stems not from his own composing of chorale melodies (less than ten of the 400+ four–part chorales feature melodies that are attributed to Bach himself), but to the great skill and care with which he treated this tradition. Phillip M. Hash Winchester Old Lutheran chorales 2 3 4 5 Flute/Picc are almost certain that Dietel copied these from... In 1524 why this is particularly true of the chorale is considered to be sung four! 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