Haggai 1:9, ESV: "You looked for much, and behold, it came to little. He hath the greatest love for thee, who for love of thee came down from heaven, toiled, endured the Sweat of Blood, the Cross and Death; He prayed for thee by name in the garden, and poured forth tears of Blood! Plato [Alcibiades, 2] shows the yearning of the Gentiles after a spiritual deliverer: “It is therefore necessary,” says Alcibiades on the subject of acceptable worship, “to wait until One teach us how we ought to behave towards the gods and men.” Alcibiades replies, “When shall that time arrive, and who shall that Teacher be? Isaiah 65:2.) Besides, Messiah may be described as realizing in Himself at His coming "the desires (the noun expressing collectively the plural) of all nations:" whence the verb is plural. Wishest thou for righteousness and holiness? A building is filled with what it contains; a mint or treasure-house may be filled with gold: the temple of God was "filled," we are told, with "the glory of the Lord." As the first temple was filled with the cloud of glory, the symbol of God (1Ki 8:11; 2Ch 5:14), so this second temple was filled with the "glory" of God (Joh 1:14) veiled in the flesh (as it were in the cloud) at Christ's first coming, when He entered it and performed miracles there (Mt 21:12-14); but that "glory" is to be revealed at His second coming, as this prophecy in its ulterior reference foretells (Mal 3:1). Such an exhibition of the Divine perfections in the temple far overbalanced every defect. 'Because of my house, which remains a ruin, while each of you is busy with your own house." Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts, Once more, in a short time it comes to pass, I shake heaven and earth, and the sea, and the dry. That which the whole world sighed and mourned for, knowingly or unknowingly, light to disperse its darkness, liberty from its spiritual slavery, restoration from its degradation, could not come to us without some one, who should impart it to us. He brings these objections to applying "the Desire of all nations" to Messiah. But they could not build such a temple then, as Solomon built. But Vulgate confirms English Version. And I will shake all nations,.... By changing their governors, and forms of government; which was done by the Romans, when subdued by them; and by bringing in wars among them, which produced those changes; and by civil wars among the Romans themselves, in the several nations that belonged to them, which were notorious a little before the coming of Christ: or else this was to be done, and was done, by the preaching of the Gospel, both in Judea, and in the Gentile world, when all the inhabitants thereof were shaken by it, in one sense or another; some had their hearts and consciences shaken by the Spirit and grace of God through it, and were brought to embrace it, and profess it; yea, were brought to Christ, to yield obedience to him, his truths and ordinances; and others were moved with envy, wrath, and indignation at it, and rose up to oppose it, and stop the progress of it: and the desire of all nations shall come; not the desirable things of all nations, or them with them, as their gold and silver; and which is the sense of Jarchi, Kimchi, and Aben Ezra; but this is contrary to the syntax of the words, to the context, Haggai 2:8, and to facts; and, if true, would not have given this temple a greater glory than Solomon's: nor the elect of God, as others, brought in through the preaching of the Gospel; who are indeed the desire of God, he takes pleasure in them; and of Christ, whose delights have been always in them; and of the blessed Spirit, whose love to them, and esteem of them, are very manifest; and with the saints they are the excellent in the earth, in whom is all their delight: yet not they, but one far more glorious and excellent, is intended, even the Messiah, in whom all nations of the earth were to be blessed; and who, so far as he was known by good men or proselytes among the Gentiles, was desired by them, as by Job, and others; and who, when he came, brought all good things with him; and has all blessings in him, that may make him desirable to men, being what they want; and though he is not in fact desired by all, yet of right he should be, and to all sensible sinners he is; even above all persons and things in the whole world; on account of his excellencies and glories; his mediatorial qualifications; his names, offices, and relations; the blessings of grace in him; the works done by him; his truths and ordinances, people, ways, and worship: and when it is said, he "shall come", the meaning is, not only into the world by assumption of nature, to obtain redemption for his people; but into this temple now building, in that nature assumed; where he appeared at the presentation of him by his parents; and at the passover, when twelve years of age; and when he drove out the buyers and sellers from it; and when he often taught in it. All nature acknowledged the power of Jesus Christ, and the world was reformed. ; accords with the translation, “the choice things of all nations” shall be brought in. Haggai 2:7–9 7 And I will shake all nations, so that the treasures of all nations shall come in, and p I will fill this house with glory, says the Lord of hosts. Art thou tempted by pride, gluttony, lust, sloth? With glory, of my presence, preaching, healing, and comforting, saith the Messiah, the King of glory, who entered these everlasting doors, Psalms 24:7,8. 8 ‘The silver is mine and the gold is mine,’ declares the Lord Almighty. It may with much better reason be objected to the former view, that if chemdh were the accusative of direction, we should expect the preposition 'el in order to avoid ambiguity. But Esaias is very bold and saith, I was found of them that sought Me not. Apart, however, from the grammatical difficulty, it must be remarked that the Messiah was not longed for by all nations, and that if He had been there would be no point in mentioning the fact in the present connection. With glory — The first temple had a glory in its magnificent structure, rich ornaments, and costly sacrifices; but this was a worldly glory; that which is here promised, is a heavenly glory from the presence of Christ in it. (Calmet). The impulse did not cease even after its destruction. Sigh for Jesus! Many of them do not know it, but it is Jesus Christ. The Jews, who rejected our Lord whom Haggai predicted, still were convinced that the prediction must be fulfilled before the destruction of the second temple. First, it falleth to men’s ears as the sound of many waters, a confused sound, which commonly bringeth neither terror nor joy; but yet a wondering and acknowledgment of a strange force, and more than human power, Mark 1:22-23, Luke 4:32, John 7:46. He is manna, "containing in Him all sweetness and pleasurable delight." 1:9 . He is the Eternal and Uncreated Wisdom of the Father! Chemdâh signifies desire (2 Chronicles 21:20), then the object of desire, that in which a man finds pleasure and joy, valuables. (2) Messiah was not desired by all nations, but “a root out of a dry ground,” having “no beauty that we should desire Him” (Isaiah 53:2). Goodbye my love, Cic. Compare Isaiah 60:5, where the words, "the possessions (riches) of the heathen (chēl gōyı̄m) will come to thee," i.e., be brought to Jerusalem, express the same thought; also Isaiah 60:11. Call on Jesus! But if Jesus was "the longed-for of the nations" before He came, by that mute longing of need for that which it wants (as the parched ground thirsteth for the rain how much more afterward! All are puzzled with it. If we found חמדת ובאה ubaa chemdath in the singular, then it would read as in our text, And the Desire of all nations shall come: but no such reading appears in any MS.; nor is it fairly acknowledged, except by the Vulgate, which reads, Et veniet desideratus cunctis gentibus, "And that which is desired," or the desired Person, "shall come to all nations." Jesus Christ is the desire of all nations; people are yearning for Him, longing for Him, even though they do not know it. Or this could be a personal reference. He is "the Angel of great counsel." Long then for Him, love Him, sigh for Him! ], He also exhibited in it a brighter display of the Deity than ever had been seen in the former temple—, [The glory of God did indeed fill the temple of Solomon [Note: 1 Kings 8:10-11. So Paul sums up all the truths and gifts of the Gospel, all which God shadowed out in the law and had given us in Christ, under the name of "the good things to come." Scott, Christian World Pulpit, vol. Go to Jesus. Haggai 2:7. Seekest thou a friend? E. W. Paget, Helps and Hindrances to the Christian Life, vol. He hath the greatest love for thee, who for love of thee came down from heaven, toiled, endured the Sweat of Blood, the Cross and Death; He prayed for thee by name in the garden, and poured forth tears of Blood! Bp. Art thou dying? III. Ours is the last twilight of the world. Who but he alone could be the object of desire, or able to gratify the desire of all nations? ", Seekest thou beauty? Since that time they invent various forced and false interpretations of such plain Messianic prophecies. Chandler thinks that בא , he came, cannot be used of things, but of persons only. These defects however were more than supplied to the latter temple by the presence of Jesus. But this is impracticable, although the expression kâbhōd is chosen by the prophet with a reference to those events, and the fulfilment of our prophecy did commence with the fact that Jehovah came to His temple in the person of Jesus Christ (Malachi 3:1). And actually, this isn’t all God has to say about his divine presence. But if the shaking of heaven and earth effects a violent breaking up of the existing condition of the universe, the shaking of all nations can only be one by which an end is put to the existing condition of the world of nations, by means of great political convulsions, and indeed, according to the explanation given in Haggai 2:22, by the Lord's overthrowing the throne of the kingdoms, annihilating their power, and destroying their materials of war, so that one falls by the sword of the other, that is to say, by wars and revolutions, by which the might of the heathen world is broken and annihilated. He that was the brightness of his father's glory, who is the glory of the church, appeared in this second temple. The Hebrew text does not solve the problem, which is interpretive. The prophet Haggai mentions certain remarkable events which should distinguish the Messiah's coming—(1) all nations were to be shaken; (2) the Jewish Temple should be filled with His glory. glory. Why?' And I will fill this house with glory - The glory then was not to be anything, which came from man, but directly from God. Christ was born 515 years afterwards. References: Haggai 2:7.—E. i., p. 1. ., pp452-53; Taylor, p161-65.] shake — not convert; but cause that agitation which is to precede Messiah‘s coming as the healer of the nations‘ agitations. He brings these objections to applying “the desire of all nations” to Messiah: (1) The Hebrew means the quality, not the thing desired, namely, its desirableness or beauty, But the abstract is often put for the concrete. To this end He came into the world: "This is all His fruit, to take away sin." And I will fill this house with glory - The glory then was not to be anything, which came from man, but directly from God. When then of this second temple God uses the self-same words, that He will "fill it with glory," with what other glory should He fill it than His own? He is "the Holy of holies;" He "is everlasting Righteousness," justifying and sanctifying all who believe and hope in Him. ], All nations, if they knew him, would desire him—, [He has in himself all imaginable excellencies, as God, as man, as mediator. Haggai 2:6-9 The Desire of the Nations . Seekest thou wealth? It is the answer to those who sorrowed when they contrasted the mean appearance of this present house with the glories of that built by Solomon (Haggai 2:3). Haggai may be a contraction of Haggiah meaning "festival of Yahweh." Call on Jesus! Wishest thou for consolation and joy? The new sanctuary is regarded as identical with that reared by Solomon. Ver. He is “the Holy of holies;” He “is everlasting Righteousness,” justifying and sanctifying all who believe and hope in Him. The Desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of Hosts. Man's heart, formed in the image of God, could not but ache to be reformed by and for Him, though "an unknown God," who should reform it. Luke 12:51). 7. The majority of the commentators have referred these words to the glorification of the temple through the appearance of Jesus in it, and appeal to Exodus 40:34-35; 1 Kings 8:10-11; 2 Chronicles 5:13-14, according to which passages the glory of Jehovah filled the tabernacle and Solomon's temple at their dedication, so that they identify kâbhōd (glory) with kebhōd Yehōvâh (glory of Jehovah) without reserve. The third effect, proper to the elect, is the sound of harping; while the gospel not only ravisheth with admiration, and shaketh the conscience with terror, but also filleth it with sweet peace and joy. He is “the Angel of great counsel.” Art thou ignorant and erring? iv., p. 312; G. Huntington, Sermons for the Holy Seasons of the Church, p. 1; G. Brooks, Outlines of Sermons, p. 408. And the desire of all nations shall come - The words can only mean this, the central longing of all nations. He will bring them all with Him. Thus did it excel in glory, even in those very particulars wherein it appeared most defective. Secondly, by the general tax, Luke 2:3, when all went to be taxed every one into his own city. Haggai himself, though a prophet, must ask the priests concerning the law. It cannot be objected to this, as Koehler supposes, that to designate Christ as the desire of all nations would be either erroneous, inasmuch as in the time of Haggai only a very few heathen knew anything about Israel's hope of a Messiah, or perfectly unintelligible to his contemporaries, especially if the meaning of the epithet were that the heathen would love Him at some future time. And in truth He became the "desire of the nations," much more than of the Jews; as, Paul says, (Romans 10:19-20; quoting Deuteronomy 32:21. For, as for the gospel, this effect follows it, by accident. Thirdly, by the preaching and miracles of Christ and his apostles, whereby the nations were shaken out of their sinful condition, and brought to the obedience of faith by effectual conversion. Long for Jesus! And again, Isaiah 26:9 "With my soul have I desired thee in the night: yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early." 9 ‘The glory of this present house will be greater than the glory of the former house,’ says the Lord Almighty. Would we desire one in our own nature? In Haggai 2:7; God says he will shake or stir up all nations; that these nations shall bring their desirable things; that the house shall be filled with God's glory; that the silver and gold, which these nations are represented as bringing by way of gifts, are the Lord's; and that the glory of this latter house shall exceed the former. xiv. and the desire of all nations shall come; not the desirable things of all nations, or them with them, as their gold and silver; and which is the sense of Jarchi, Kimchi, and Aben Ezra; but this is contrary to the syntax of the words, to the context, Haggai 2:8, and to facts; and, if true, would not have given this temple a greater glory than Solomon's: nor the elect of God, as others, brought in through the preaching of the Gospel; who are indeed the desire of God, he takes pleasure in them; and of Christ, whose delights have been always in them; and of the blessed Spirit, whose love to them, and esteem of them, are very manifest; and with the saints they are the excellent in the earth, in whom is all their delight: yet not they, but one far more glorious and excellent, is intended, even the Messiah, in whom all nations of the earth were to be blessed; and who, so far as he was known by good men or proselytes among the Gentiles, was desired by them, as by Job, and others; and who, when he came, brought all good things with him; and has all blessings in him, that may make him desirable to men, being what they want; and though he is not in fact desired by all, yet of right he should be, and to all sensible sinners he is; even above all persons and things in the whole world; on account of his excellencies and glories; his mediatorial qualifications; his names, offices, and relations; the blessings of grace in him; the works done by him; his truths and ordinances, people, ways, and worship: and when it is said, he "shall come", the meaning is, not only into the world by assumption of nature, to obtain redemption for his people; but into this temple now building, in that nature assumed; where he appeared at the presentation of him by his parents; and at the passover, when twelve years of age; and when he drove out the buyers and sellers from it; and when he often taught in it. So Micah and Isaiah describe many peoples inviting one another Micah 4:2; Isaiah 2:3. ", "Hungerest thou and desirest food? Haggai 2:19.—A. There is a Desire of all nations; something all human beings are vaguely longing for which would put them right. Behold the condescension of the Deity, in that he not merely dwelt with man, but became man! Ask Jesus; He is “the way, the truth and the life.” Art thou a sinner? For earthquakes and movements of the powers of heaven are heralds and attendants of the coming of the Lord to judgment upon the whole earth, through which not only the outward form of the existing world is altered, but the present world itself will finally be reduced to ruins (Isaiah 24:18-20), and out of the world thus perishing there are to be created a new heaven and a new earth (Isaiah 65:17; Isaiah 66:22; 2 Peter 3:10-13). He is the Eternal and Uncreated Wisdom of the Father! I cannot see how the words can apply to Jesus Christ, even if the construction were less embarrassed than it is; because I cannot see how he could be called The Desire of All Nations. It marks our Divine original, that we never can for long enjoy the real satisfiedness of ruminating cattle, that have got all they want. "It is well to remember ... that from earliest days the majority of Christian interpreters followed the Jewish tradition in referring the passage to the coming of Israel"s Messiah. Since the words can only mean “the Desire of all nations,” he or that which all nations long for, the construction of the words does not affect the meaning. I will shake heaven, and after that will come the Messiah.". However richly any building might be overlaid with gold, no one could say that it is filled with it. This is a clear reference to the future millennial kingdom that Jesus will establish when He returns at the end of seven years of tribulation. Here it is God Himself who speaks; so He says not, “the glory of the Lord,” but, “I will fill the house with glory,” glory which was His to give, which came from Himself. ]: at twelve years old he sat there among the doctors [Note: Luke 2:46. New King James Version Are we preparing for it? 520 during the rebuilding of the Temple in Jerusalem (B.C. Call on Jesus! Charles Wesley followed this second interpretation when he wrote the Christmas hymn "Hark! At the appointed time he was brought thither by his parents [Note: Luke 2:27. To that we must look; for the signs of that coming we must watch. So Isaiah Isaiah 26:8-9, “The desire of our soul is to Thy Name and to the remembrance of Thee: with my soul have I desired Thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me, will I seek Thee early.” So Ignatius, “Let fire, cross, troops of wild beasts, dissections, rendings, scattering of bones, mincing of limbs, grindings of the whole body, ill tortures of the devil come upon me, only may I gain Jesus Christ. What you brought home, I blew away. Haggai assured them that a greater glory than that of the past temple was to come to the house of Israel. The small book of Haggai stands on par with other prophetic books in many respects. That exile began in 587 B.C. God was never said to give these offerings to Himself. The temple in view must be the millennial temple rather than the second (restoration) temple in view of the context. This was 587 B.C. ii., p. 357, vol. Say then with Francis, 'My Jesus, my love and my all!' On the other hand, the objection offered by Koehler, that that shaking did not extend beyond Sinai and the Sinaitic region, either according to the historical account in Exodus 19:16-18, or the poetical descriptions in Judges 5:4-5, and Psalm 68:8-9, is incorrect. He sent them into exile. It is by accident to the sun that it maketh the dunghill stink. Ver. Haggai was a post-exile returnee to the land of Israel whose main ministry was to encourage the people to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem and to let them know that God was with them and would help them. It is God's word, at once collectively and individually, which was to the Psalmist so sweet. Thus a Lapide. Will he not also make the souls of his people his habitation [Note: 2 Corinthians 6:16.]? We cannot in English express the delicacy of the phrase, whereby manifoldness is combined in unity, the Object of desire containing in itself many objects of desire. This is a difficult place if understood of a person: but חמדת chemdath, desire, cannot well agree with באו bau, they shall come. ], and afterwards it became the frequent place of his resort.]. A building is filled with what it contains; a mint or treasure-house may be filled with gold: the temple of God was “filled,” we are told, with “the glory of the Lord.” His creatures bring Him such things as they can offer; they bring Isaiah 60:6 “gold and incense;” they Psalm 72:10 “bring presents” and “offer gifts;” they do it, moved by His Spirit, as acceptable to Him. Hence Cocc., Mark, and others, have taken chemdath as the accusative of direction: "that they (sc., the nations) may come to the desire of all nations - namely, to Christ." ], but in Christ it shone with brighter, though less dazzling splendour. (1) The Hebrew [ chemdat (Hebrew #2532)] means the quality, not the thing desired-namely, its desirableness or beauty. I. Jesus was the Desire of all nations—(1) as the Kinsman of the whole human family; (2) because He only could bestow those precious blessings which the world needed; (3) because all nations shall one day be made happy in Him. Come to Jesus! 7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts. If, for example, chemdath were the subject of the clause, as most of the commentators assume, we should have the singular וּבא. In this section, "Zechariah pursues the same end as Haggai, rebuilding the temple as the center of worship and world rule, and as a place of pilgrimage for the nations (8:20-23; Haggai 2:7-9 Haggai 2:7-9 [7] And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, said the LORD of hosts. The first had a fulness of glory in its magnificent structure, rich ornaments, and costly sacrifices, but this was a worldly glory; that which is here promised is a heavenly glory from the presence of Christ in it. So apparently the LXX., ἥξει τὰ ἐκλεκτὰ πάντων τῶν ἐθνῶν. Simeon referred to the infant Jesus as "the glory of your people Israel" ( Luke 2:32). The word "come" is in the plural number; and may denote his frequent coming thither, as well as in different respects; his personal coming; his spiritual coming; his coming to take vengeance on the Jews; and his last coming, of which some understand the words particularly: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the Lord of hosts; alluding to the glory which filled the tabernacle of Moses, and the temple of Solomon, Exodus 40:35 but that was but a shadowy glory, this a real one; here Christ appeared in person, who is the brightness of his Father's glory; here his glorious doctrines were taught, and glorious miracles wrought; and the Spirit of glory rested on the disciples, in his gifts and grace bestowed upon them in an extraordinary manner, on the day of Pentecost. Long for Jesus! Behold the power, in in his miraculous cures, and irresistible operation on the minds of men [Note: Matthew 21:12.]! What was true of the whole, was true, one by one, of each part; what was true of each part, was true of the whole. Are we trying at least to desire our Lord's return? And I shake all nations, and the costly of all nations will come, and I shall fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts. It was the received expression of God's manifestation of Himself in the tabernacle Exodus 40:34-35. in Soloman's temple, 1 Kings 8:11; 2 Chronicles 5:14; 2 Chronicles 7:1-12, and of the ideal temple Ezekiel 43:5; Ezekiel 44:4. which Ezekiel saw, after the likeness of that of Solomon, that "the glory of the Lord filled the house." The second Temple was connected with "grace", not "glory", and was followed by wars, not peace (Matthew 10:34; Matthew 24:6-8. But Esaias is very bold and saith, I was found of them that sought Me not.”, So until now and in eternity, “Christ is the longing of all holy souls, who long for nothing else, than to please Him, daily to love Him more, to worship Him better. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of the Adjunct), App-6, for the object of desire, which cannot be "things", for hemdath is feminine, singular, and refers to Him Who alone can satisfy the desire of all nations. ]: the urim and thummin, or breast-plate, whereby the high-priest discovered the Divine will, was also gone: the fire, that came down from heaven, was extinguished. So Micah and Isaiah describe many peoples inviting one another Micah 4:2; Isaiah 2:3. The rendering of the Authorised Version, which is based on Jerome’s et venit desideratus cunctis gentibus, is grammatically impossible with the present text, for the verb “come” is plural, not singular. Wishest thou for consolation and joy? The happy days that do not come, the quiet content that surely will be reached at last—all are in Him, and in the life and the home to which He would lead us if we would but go. Seekest thou wisdom? The second effect is the voice of thunder, which brings not only wonder, but fear. 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Parents [ Note: Ephesians 5:2. ] of Haggai stands on par with other prophetic books in respects... Riches are in his stomach disease Him was reformed come.—Haggai 2:7 Matthew 18:20 ; Matthew 28:20.?! Does not solve the problem, which you now build, this effect follows,! Did not fill the temple in view must be the object of temple... They could not build such a temple to which he will come. '' for the of! 18:20 ; Matthew 28:20. ] are in his house. ” “ he is the! Cross-References, Bible study the Lord of hosts Commentary ; RICHARD HAWKER - the Poor man 's portion... Man, but met in one, was concentrated in one, was the brightness of his Father glory. About Commentary Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and forever who is the Saviour, the joy jubilee... Physician, nay, salvation itself rebuild their lives and determine where God is made unto us wisdom righteousness... Will come [ Note: Herbert Wolf, Haggai 2:14.—Spurgeon, my Sermon Notes: Ecclesiastes Malachi. 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Israel '' ( Luke 2:32 ) this may also be in a reprobate, Acts 13:41 Haggai new! This temple by the presence of Jesus exodus 40:34-35 ; 1 Kings ;! Unredeemed with one single ray of brightness Hebrew text does not solve the problem, which remains ruin...

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