The small number of species-level phylogenies for African rainforest plants hinders a more incisive and detailed study into the historical assembly of these continental forests. 177) Popular. The amygdala receives information from all sensory modalities and projects to a variety of hypothalamic and brainstem target areas known to be critically involved in specific signs that are used to define fear and anxiety. Findings are discussed that show that often an unfolding word can be mapped onto discourse-level representations well before the end of the word. By Sebastiaan Mathôt and Jan Theeuwes. Neurons expressing estrogen receptor-alpha in the nucleus tractus solitarius of the brainstem appear to increase their sensitivity to CCK-induced vagal afferent input so as to lead to an increase in the satiating potency of CCK, and consequently decreased food intake, during the peri-ovulatory period in rats. Philosophical Transactions B. Here, we discuss the route to optimizing and understanding the mechanism of action of anti-inflammatory drugs that have their origins in Stone's seminal study, 'An account of the success of the bark of the willow in the cure of agues'. It is inferred from the multiplicity of structure in the terminal genitalia of digenetic trematodes in general, and heterophyids in particular, that they are cross fertilizing despite being hermaphroditic. Philosophical Transactions B. The unitary structure-function relationship of the pioneer organism later gave rise to two major strands of evolution: cellularization and emergence of the genetic machinery. The stomatogastric nervous system of the reptantian Decapoda Crustacea, particularly the small isolated stomatogastric ganglion containing the 25-30 motor neurons that control the muscles of the gastric mill and the pyloric filter of the stomach, is an important preparation for research in comparative neurophysiology. Trans. It is written in Peter Medawar's landmark style: witty, perceptive and full of images that can be recalled even when details of the supporting information have faded. Phylogenetic evidence, from both African rainforest angiosperms and vertebrates, suggest a Tertiary origin for the major lineages in some of these groups. A fast, open journal publishing high quality research across all of science, engineering and mathematics . B is devoted to a specific area of the biological sciences. We hypothesize that loss of epigenetic suppression of these sequences, here defined as the heterome, results in genomic instability including silencing of single-copy genes. Trans. In 1887 it split into two parts (A and B), one for mathematics, physical sciences, and engineering, and one for biology. A set of papers addressing the links between climate and ecosystem, and highlighting how nature-based solutions can help to maintain a diverse, resilient and well-functioning biosphere. Those images are provided not just by a series of 20 colour plates showing skin graft recipient mice, rats, rabbits, chickens and duck, bearing fur or plumage of donor origin, but by his choice of metaphor, simile and analogy to express the questions being addressed and the interpretation of their results, along with those of relevant published data and his prescient ideas of what the results might portend. B, Biological sciences PHILOS. Tropical montane regions contain deeply diverged lineages, often in a relatively small geographical area, suggesting their survival there from the Pliocene. Series B : RSL]. Departmental News. All MDD subjects were medication-free at the time of scan. Biological sciences, Biological sciences, Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London, Internet Resource, Computer File, Journal / Magazine / Newspaper. The materials of the revision comprise known specimens, published accounts of these, and new specimens collected in Australia and borrowed from overseas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B citation style guide with bibliography and in-text referencing examples: Journal articles Books Book chapters Reports Web pages. R. Soc. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 351: 1455-1461; discussion 1461-1452, 'The Origin of Species--150 Years Later', June 2009, Fiskebäckskil, Sweden, SCF ubiquitin protein ligases and phosphorylation-dependent proteolysis. Continuing its long history of influential scientific publishing, Philosophical Transactions B publishes high-quality theme issues on topics of current importance and general interest within the life sciences, guest-edited by leading authorities and comprising new research, reviews and opinions from prominent researchers. This is true both of studies that assess the marginal effect of a single gene and studies that look at the joint effect of genes and environmental exposures. Current knowledge of gene flow in plants: implications for transgene flow. Journal Profile; Journal Title : PHILOSOPHICAL TRANSACTIONS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES: Journal Title Abbreviations: PHILOS T R SOC B: ISSN: 0962-8436: E-ISSN: 1471-2970: h-index: 238: CiteScore: CiteScore SJR … The integration of these signals can represent the locations of stimuli with respect to the observer and within the environment. Although anecdotal accounts of willow bark extract as an anti-inflammatory drug have occurred since written records began (for example by Hippocrates), the first convincing demonstration of a potent anti-pyretic effect of willow bark containing salicylates was made by the English cleric Edward Stone in the late eighteenth century. It is argued that the different parts of the lateral frontal cortex make distinct contributions to memory that differ in terms of the level of executive processing that is carried out in interaction with posterior cortical systems. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. Details Subject(s) Biology — Periodicals; Science — Periodicals; Related name. 178 - Vol. Reset. Estimation of effective population sizes from data on genetic markers. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci Articles from this journal are generally available in PMC after a 12-month delay (embargo); however, the delay may vary at the discretion of the publisher. The neural basis of the blood-oxygen-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging signal. 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